100+ Most Important Dates in Nigeria

Important dates in Nigeria

This post is all about the most important dates in Nigeria

As we all know, Nigeria is definitely the most blessed and enriched country in Africa, Nigeria does not only boast of natural resources but also boast of a large population of capable human resources.

Over the years Nigeria has undergone series of transformation in every sector and one thing about history is that it gives us the opportunity to look back at our past and know our origin and that is why history is again taking us back now to look at the 100 most important dates in the history of Nigeria.

The dates are;

  1.   December 26th, 1851: Royal Navy warship bombards Lagos and Oba of Lagos (Oba Kosoko) flees to exile.
  2. January 1, 1852: Lagos is declared as colony of Britain.
  3.  January 22, 1862: Mr. H.S Freeman is appointed as governor of Lagos colony.
  4. 1877: George Taubman Goldie arrives in the Niger Delta
  5. 1885: British defeats king Jaja of Opobo and Oba of Benin and declares Oil rivers as a protectorate.
  6. 19th May, 1892: The British infantry defeats the Ijebu in a clash.
  7.  1893: British renames Oil rivers protectorate to Niger Coast protectorate with Calabar as its capital.
  8.  1897: British defeats Oba of Benin.
  9. 1890’s: Flora Shaw suggest the name ‘Nigeria’ for our great country after River Niger.
  10.  1914: Nigeria is amalmagated.
  11. October, 1929: Aba Women’s riot takes place.
  12.  1954: New Nigeria currency is introduced.
  13.  Northern people’s congress (NPC) and Niger Delta Congress (NDC) goes into alliance to contest parliamentary elections.
  14. July, 1960: Sir Adesoji Aderemi becomes 1st Nigerian and 1st African to be appointed Governor in the common wealth.
  15. October 1, 1960: Nigeria first Independence day takes place, and Nnamdi Azikiwe becomes first indigenous Governor-general.
  16. 1960-1966: First republic of Nigeria under British.
  17. 1960: Nigeria goes into alliance with Liberia, Togo and other countries to advocate for an extremely loose organization of African States.
  18.  February 11-12, 1961: People from Northern and southern Cameroon went to the polls to decide on joining independent Nigeria or Cameroon.
  19. June 1, 1961: Northern Cameroon becomes Sarduana province of Nigeria.
  20. October 1, 1961: Southern Cameroon cease to be part of Nigeria.
  21. 1962: The Northern People’s Congress now controls the Federal Government, while Action Group (AG) splits into two due to violence.
  22. 1963: Nigeria becomes a republic. The Northern People’s Congress goes into alliance with a faction of Action Group (AG).
  23. December 30, 1964: The first elections held in independent Nigeria.
  24.  November 1965: Elections triggers violence in western Nigeria.
  25.  January 16, 1966: Nigerian Army stages its first Coup.
  26.  August 31, 1966: The original name ‘Federal Republic of Nigeria’ was restored.
  27. May 29, 1966: Massie riots begins in the north.
  28. July 29, 1966:  Northern officers arrest and kill General Aguiyi Ironsi.
  29. August 1, 1966: Lt. Col Yakubu Gowon announces take-over of the governance in the nation.
  30.  January 4, 1967: Nigeria leaders travel to Aburi near Accra Ghana, top settle disputes.
  31. May 30, 1967: Republic of Biafra is born.
  32.  July 6, 1967: Biafra war begins, which lasted for thirty months.
  33. January 15, 1970: Biafran war comes to an end.
  34. April 2, 1971: Nigeria changes from driving from right to left.
  35. May 22, 1973: National Youth Service Corps is established.
  36. 1974: Gowon rekindles his promise of returning power to civilians.
  37. 1974: Gowon announces indefinite delay in transition of power to civilians.
  38. October 1975: Gowon is overthrown in a coup.
  39.  September 2nd, 1976: Universal Primary Education was introduced.
  40. February 13, 1976: Murtala Mohammed was succeeded by General Olusegun Obasanjo.
  41.  1978: Ban on political parties was lifted.
  42.  October 1 1979: General Obasanjo handed power to a civilian Alhaji Shehu Shagari.
  43. 1980: The National Party (NNP) forms an alliance with Nigeria People’s Party (NNP) to get a majority vote,
  44. March 5, 1980: Mrs. Folake Solanke becomes first female senior advocate in Nigeria.
  45. 1981: Oil price boom comes to an end
  46.  1981: Oil price boom coming to an end leads to strike.
  47. September 9, 1982: Nigerian Accounting Standards Board (NASB) was established.
  48. 1983: Elections are marred by widespread cheating.
  49.  September, 1983: Shehu Shagari is re-elected into office.
  50.  December 31, 1983: Buhari leads another coup and takes over Government.
  51. August 27, 1985: Ibrahim Babangida takes over power in a bloodless coup.
  52.  1986: Babangida promises a return to civilian rule in 1990.
  53. October 16, 1986: Wole Soyinka won the Nobel peace prize for literature.
  54.  1988: Fuel price subsidies are reduced.
  55.  1988: Number of local government Areas are increased from 19 to 21.
  56.  October, 1989: Babangida refuses to legalize 13 political parties.
  57. October 12, 1990: Abuja officially becomes Nigeria’s Capital city.
  58. September 1991: 9 new states and 140 L.G.As are formed.
  59. 1992: Babangida shifts handover date again to 1992.
  60. 1992: Nigeria from figures officially becomes Africa’s most populous country.
  61. 1994: Abiola proclaims himself president.
  62.  June 21, 1994: Rasidi Yekini scored Nigeria’s first World Cup goal.
  63.  September 1, 1994: Raypower 100.5 pioneered private radio broadcasting in Nigeria.
  64. October, 1994: ‘Petroleum Trust Fund’ is established.
  65. July, 1995: Former President, General Olusegun Obasanjo is sentenced to 25 years imprisonment.
  66. 1995: Writer and activist Ken Saro Wiwa and other people are hanged or murder.
  67.  May, 1996: Nnamdi Azikiwe dies.
  68.  June, 1996: Kudirat Abiola, wife of Moshood Abiola was shot by unknown gunmen.
  69.  January, 1997: Price of petrol is raised by 338%.
  70.  April 1998: Five legal parties adopt Sani Abacha as there presidential candidate.
  71. June 8, 1998: Sani Abacha dies a mysterious death.
  72. July 7, 1998: M.K Abiola dies in detention from a heart disease.
  73.  August 31, 1998: People’s Democratic Party (PDP) is formed.
  74. Nov. 3, 1998: Obasanjo declares interest to run for presidency.
  75. February 15, 1999: Olusegun Obasanjo becomes President.
  76. May, 1999: A new constitution is adopted.
  77. December 21, 1999: Small and Medium Enterprises Equity Investment Scheme (SMEEIS) was approved.
  78.  September 14, 1999: Professor Chinua Achebe won the maiden National creativity award.
  79. May 29, 1999: 0basanjo is sworn in as president.
  80. July 19, 1999: Scandals break out in the House of Representatives over the qualification of Speaker Ibrahim Salisu Buhari.
  81. July 21, 1999: Ibrahim Salisu Buhari resigns as speaker.
  82.  October 27, 1999: Zamfara state adopts Sharia law.
  83. March 6, 1999: The first kidney transplant in Nigeria took place at St. Nicholas hospital and was conducted by Dr. Shonibare.
  84. November 16, 2001: Agbani Darego was crowned Miss World.
  85. December 26, 2004: First Calabar carnival was held.
  86. April 5, 2005: Dele Olojede became the first African-born journalist to win a Pulitzer Prize.
  87.  October 12, 2005: 1000 naira notes went into circulation for the first time.
  88.  April 21, 2006: Nigeria became the first African country to completely pay off its Paris club debt.
  89. July 26, 2007: Guaranty Trust Bank became first African Bank to be listed on the London Stock Exchange.
  90. August 22, 2009: 120 Nigerian police officers were awarded UN peace keeping medals for their service in Liberia.


  1. 770 A.D: Early Ijaw settlement.
  2. 900 A.D: reign of the NRI kingdom began.
  3. 1100 A.D: Islamic state of Borno was established.
  4. 1200 A.D: Ile-Ife become Yoruba capital city.
  5. 1728: Oyo Empire invades kingdoms of Dahomey.
  6. 1967: British slave traders facilitate massacre on the Calabar River.
  7. 1800: Sokoto Caliphate is established through Jihad.
  8. 1868: Samuel Ajayi Crowther becomes first African Anglican Bishop.
  9. 1880: The conquest of southern Nigeria by the British began.
  10. 1885: Other European countries accept British presence in Nigeria


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